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<a1>technika, bastleni</a1>

Zpět VLF converter for listening to the SAQ Grimeton station at 17.2 kHz

Vydáno dne 05. 02. 2019 (9529 přečtení)

VLF-HF converter for SAQ Grimeton

přepnout na verzi v češtině     version in Czech language

As I have written in this article, the last Christmas we renewed the tradition of listening to the Swedish special station SAQ Grimeton on very long waves. For this purpose, I re-built a simple converter from the Very Low Frequency band (17 kHz) to the band of 30 meters (10 MHz). That's why I renewed (and amended) this, eight years old, article.

I'm sure, there was an e-shop store in the past, which offered a VLF converter kit with SA612. But now I can't find it. Probably the sale has ended.

There is not much to invent with the SA612 converter. It is a well-known "low cost" mixer. Unlike a passive diode mixer this has a fairly decent gain. It is essentially a one purpose integrated circuit, so each of its terminals has a strictly defined function.

  • 1 and 2: differential input
  • 3: minus power suply
  • 4 and 5: differential output
  • 6 and 7: Internal oscillator (with an external crystal)
  • 8: plus power supply

converter VLF-HF with SA612AN
SA612 internal schematic
SA612 brief paremeters
Schematics of the converter
withs SA612
Block diagram
of the SA612
Brief parameters of IC

I used an impedance transformer at the output, to match the symmetric output from the integrated circuit to the 50Ω unsymmetrical input of the short-wave receiver (transceiver). I wound it on the yellow toroidal core Amidon that I had in my drawer. I think the material of the core here is not very important. I think we can use almost any toroid, even some from some old PC power suply.

It also would be fine, to use a similar matching and balancing circuit at the input side. Unfortunately I don't have any transformer, which would be suitable for this purpose. For a range of input frequencies of about 5 to 150 kHz it probably would be possible to wind it on a low-frequency ferrite pot-core. But it seemed to me too laborious, so I used the unbalanced input circuit.

At first, I tried it with a Low Pass Filter (LPF) at the input for the impedance of 50Ω. But I achieved a much better result with a LPF designed for 1.5 kΩ, which is the input impedance of the IC (according to the datasheet). Components on the PCB in the picture are for the low pass filter at this impedance. The component values in the filter can be calculated using AADE Filter Design software. The circuit board is universally designed for radial or axial chokes. Depending on what value you need.

PCB converter VLF-HF with SA612AN
PCB for VLF converter SAQ Grimeton
PCB for converter VLF SAQ Grimeton
Design of the PCB Fabricated PCB Bottom side of the PCB

I was quite afraid of a low intermodulation immunity combined with strong AM broadcast radios on nearby frequencies, so I put an attenuator (the resistance trimmer) to the front. However, as practical tests have shown, it was not necessary. The attenuator can be incorporated or bypassed using the jumpers that are visible in the photograps of the assembled board (see also the schematic). The voltage stabilizer is 5 to 8 Volts. The integrated circuit can withstand a maximum of 9.0V.

The diode D1 is just the reverse polarity protection. If you are confident, you don't have to use it. The resistor R2 serves to discharge any static from the antenna in case that you don't use the resistance trimmer (attenuator). The specific values of the components depend on the crystal frequency and also the highest frequency we want to receive.

    The sample that we tested includes :
  • D1: 1N4148
  • IC2: 78L08
  • C1=C2: 0.1uF (100nF)
  • IC1: SA612AN (DIL)
  • R1: 2k5
  • R2: 56k
  • L1=L2: 2200uH (2.2mH)
  • C3=C5: 1500pF (1.5nF)
  • C4: 2200pF (2.2nF)
  • C6=C10: 0.1uF (100nF)
  • C7: 68pF
  • C8: 68pF + 10pF (adjusted exactly to 10.00MHz)
  • C9: 150pF
  • TR1: 30/4 threads
  • Q1: 10.000 MHz

Assembled converter VLF-HF SA612AN
Assembled converter VLF-HF SA612AN
Assembled converter VLF-HF SA612AN
Assembled converter
(LPF at 1.5kΩ)
... ...

Practical tests have shown that the converter is more sensitive than the passive mixer when we have properly designed and matched the LPF. My worries about interference from AM radio stations were unnecessary. Next time we are going to try some loop magnetic or ferrite antenna.

TRX 30m
VLF converter with TRX30m
Used home-made
TRX for 30m band
At the moment of listening SAQ Grimeton message
mp3, 4 minutes/9,2 MB

Finally, there is a demonstration of SAQ Grimeton reception at Christmas 2018. As a HF receiver, we used a home-made QRP transceiver for the 30m (10.1MHz) band. For this case, we moved the bottom edge of the tuning under the amateur band, down to 10MHz.

Added 24th Dec 2019: Example, how the convertor works together with Elecraft K3

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